Turning is a common method of metal processing. It allows you to create products of the required dimensions and the required geometric shape. The degree of roughness of the parts is also predetermined.
During the turning process, the workpiece and the cutter rotate. The presence of these two movements allows you to create products of complex configurations.
Along with this, turning technology allows threading, drilling, boring, countersinking, reaming holes, cutting off the excess part of the workpiece and creating grooves of various shapes and sizes on the metal surface.
Lathes are versatile and allow you to work with ferrous, non-ferrous metals. They can also process plastics.
The hardness of tools used in machine tools far exceeds that of the workpiece. Turning cutters are often made of tool steel, titanium, tantalum, tungsten. Tools made of ceramics and artificial diamonds are used to process materials of increased strength, as well as to obtain parts that meet special quality standards. They were not widely used due to their high cost.
There are several turning technologies, and the choice of one of them depends on the type of cutter used. The cutting tool can be cutting, chamfering, shaped, through, boring, cutting. There are incisors of other shapes, but they are not often used.
Metal turning is very popular for a number of reasons. It allows you to produce parts of the most complex shape and high quality. Control over the dimensions of the workpiece is carried out at all stages of work using special instruments, such as limit gauges, inside gauges, micrometers.
In addition to the highest quality of parts produced on lathes, a small amount of waste should also be noted. They are much less than when using other types of metal processing. Chips formed during turning operations are subject to collection, pressing and re-processing.
On the lathe, it is possible to select the desired processing technology. It is due to the design features of the machine and a large assortment of interchangeable cutting tools.